Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Pulot, Panutsa, or Pakaskas

Panutsa or jaggery.
Recently, I had gone on a search for molasses--specifically for its high mineral content and preferably the dark variety known as blackstrap molasses. However, I was not quite sure what such is called in Tagalog. And after asking around, I received various replies--like pulot, inuyat, taga pulut, pulut tubo, pulot-pukyutan, panutsa/panocha, arnibal, sirup, harabe, pakaskas, matamis sa bao, kalamay-hati, and santan. Apparently not everyone knew exactly what I was referring to and not everyone was describing the same thing. So, what exactly was I looking for?

Peanut brittle, which is also known as panutsa.
Well, I'm still not quite sure, but after some research I think I've finally differentiated between some of these names--though they are all quite similar. Apparently, panutsa (or panotsa/panocha) is what is known as jaggery--a traditional unrefined whole cane sugar. This is what you will usually see at the market that is solid, brown in color, and clam-shaped. It is a concentrated product of cane juice without separation of the molasses and crystals. Thus, though it does contain molasses, it is also high in sucrose and invert sugars, which can do damage to the teeth by feeding the cavity-causing bacteria in the mouth. However, panutsa can also refer to peanut brittle, which is the unrefined sugar with peanuts mixed in.

Kalamay-hati or coconut jam.
Matamis sa bao or kalamay-hati (or santan), on the other hand, refer to coconut milk with added sugar, unrefined whole cane sugar (panutsa), and/or molasses. It is usually sold in grocery stores in the Philippines as Coconut Jam (or Coco Jam for short).

Similar to panutsa is pakaskas--another mold of sugar. Except, instead of cane sugar, buri palm sugar is used. And, instead of molding it into half-orbs like how panutsa is traditionally sold, pakaskas is molded in casitas or tube segments made from the buri palm.

Pakaskas or buri palm sugar molds.
Finally, there is pulot, which is the most general term of them all. Though I believe pulot is supposed to be the correct Tagalog term for molasses, it is also used to refer to honey, jaggery, and other thick syrups. Hence, you may often hear its variant names--taga pulut, pulut-tubo, pulot-pukyutan, inuyat, sirup, harabe, and arnibal. However, these names actually mean certain things and all of them are not necessarily synonymous with each other.

Pulot-pukyutan is honey.

Pulot or molasses.
Sirup, harabe, and arnibal all refer to syrup.

And finally, I believe taga pulut, pulut-tubo, and inuyat are synonymous with the original meaning of pulot, which is sugar cane molasses--the thing I was looking for.


Anonymous said...

now i know the difference between them...
sa ngayon mhrap n mkhnp ng gnyn d2 s manila...lalo n ung panutsa or jaggery...

Don said...

yay! favorite ko ung Pulot! hehehe!

mon said...

pulut pukyutan is honey as the bee that it was named for is pukyutan.

well actually, pukyutan is a colony of stinging wasps, but then filipinos dont normally know the difference of bees from wasps so, yeah, pulut pukyutan means honey.

There is a certain species of wasp that travel in colony every other season or ever other year in search for nesting site and i think pukyutan is what the colony is called. im not sure really, but growing up that's our word for that in bataan.

Mon said...

there is another Taga pulot in Isabela province. It is made from nyog but different from coco jam. They use it as a thick dip for their extra huge suman.

Bella Donna said...

that's good. you've finally found what you're looking for. you have a sweet tooth?

Ciara said...

..sa Pangasinan inuulam nila yang pulot ("tagapulot" as how they call it)..masarap naman sya.

Mayte Uyenco said...

hi! i am mayte from appetite magazine and i would like to ask for your permission to use the picture of the panutsa/jaggery to be used in the august issue of magazine. please let me know through here or my email, mayte.uyenco@gmail.com
thanks! :)

Coconuter said...

Sure, go ahead. Please include a reference to this website.

Ureta Neil said...

Does anybody here know where can I buy Panucha/Jaggery? I need contact numbers of suppliers/manufacturers. Thanks!

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